Malaria Home > What Is Chloroquine Used For?
As an antimalarial drug, chloroquine can be used to prevent or treat malaria in adults and children. It is also used as a treatment in adults only for extraintestinal amebiasis, an infection that is relatively common in developing countries. Some of the drug's "off-label" (unapproved) uses include the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and ulcerative colitis.
An Introduction to the Uses of ChloroquineChloroquine phosphate (Aralen®) is a prescription medication licensed to prevent or treat certain types of malaria infections. It is also used to treat another parasitic infection when the infection occurs outside the intestines (usually the liver). This infection is known medically as extraintestinal amebiasis.
Using Chloroquine to Treat MalariaMalaria is a disease caused by an infection with a microscopic parasite called Plasmodium. It is a leading cause of death and disease worldwide, especially in developing countries. While there are more than 100 species of Plasmodium, only four types infect humans. These include:
- Plasmodium falciparum
- Plasmodium vivax
- Plasmodium ovale
- Plasmodium malariae.
- Kidney failure
- Mental confusion
- Severe anemia
- Fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema)
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Bleeding due to blood-clotting problems