Chloroquine treats malaria and extraintestinal amebiasis infections by killing the parasites that cause them -- Plasmodium and Entamoeba. The exact manner in which the drug kills these parasites is not known. However, it is thought to interfere with the parasites' deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), which is needed for the parasite to reproduce.
Can Children Use It?
Chloroquine is approved for use in infants and children to treat and prevent malaria. It is not indicated for the treatment of extraintestinal amebiasis in children, as it has not been adequately studied in children for this use.
Can Older Adults Use Chloroquine?
It is unknown whether older adults respond to chloroquine differently than other age groups. However, older adults may be more likely to have kidney problems. Because chloroquine is removed from the body by the kidneys, older adults may need a lower chloroquine dosage than normal, or may need to have their kidney function monitored while taking this medication.
Is Chloroquine Used for Off-Label Reasons?
On occasion, your healthcare provider may recommend this product for something other than the conditions discussed in this article. This would be known as an "off-label" use. Some off-label uses of chloroquine may include the treatment of:
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